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C. “Practice makes perfect.”D. “Like father, like son.”
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car scar scarlet scare scarecrow
A. talent is a dominating factor for professional success.
22. The word “mania” (Line 4, Paragraph 2) most probably means
scope 范围 telescope
D. requires immediate feedback and a high degree of concentration.
4. All parts of this sewing machine are _______so that it is very simple to get replacements for them.
21. The birthday phenomenon found among soccer players is mentioned to
A. stress the importance of professional training.
B. biographical data provide the key to excellent performance.
phone 声音 telephone
C. introduce the topic of what makes expert performance.
2. The plane will take off in 45 minutes, and it is time to ______.
A. depends on meaningful processing of information.
A. aboard B. abroad
D. high achievers owe their success mostly to nurture.
A. mechanized B. minimized C. modernized D. standardized
vision 视点 television
This success, coupled with later research showing that memory itself is not genetically determined, led Ericsson to conclude that the act of memorizing is more of a cognitive exercise than an intuitive one. In other words, whatever inborn differences two people may exhibit in their abilities to memorize, those differences are swamped by how well each person “encodes” the information. And the best way to learn how to encode information meaningfully, Ericsson determined, was a process known as deliberate practice. Deliberate practice entails more than simply repeating a task. Rather, it involves setting specific goals, obtaining immediate feedback and concentrating as much on technique as on outcome.
23. According to Ericsson, good memory