2012年考研英语完形填空解题,2008考研英语答疑之

日期:2019-08-14编辑作者:4886a威尼斯城官网

  完型填空的解题步骤

  完型填空是在一篇240—280单词的短文中人为地挖去若干单词和短语,要求考生通过阅读全文,掌握文章大意,并运用所学的综合知识在限定时间内从所给的选项中选出使文章意思通顺、结构完整、逻辑合理的最佳选项。它全面考查考生的语言运用能力、阅读理解能力、逻辑分析能力、推理判断能力及常识应用能力。

  第一步:先花费2-3分钟的时间对整篇文章做整体通读。整体通读的目标:掌握整篇文章的中心主线,即文章的主题 文章的导向或者作者的态度倾向。

  一、 题目命制的指导原则

  第二步:按段精读、按段理解、按段分析,按段做题,因为段本身就是相对独立的意群,以段为单位,其实是缩小了考生的对立面。

  英语知识运用的形式不仅考查考生对于不同语境中规范的语言要素(包括词汇、表达方式和结构)的运用能力,而且还考查考生对语段特征(如连贯性和一致性等)的辨识能力。也就是说,英语知识运用这部分试题对考生的考查上升到了一个更高的层面,提升为在语篇层次上考查学生运用英语知识的综合能力。它囊括了对语篇微观的语言要素(如词汇、结构和表达方式)和各项宏观结构(上下文的逻辑性和连贯性)的考查,并实现了二者的有机结合。

  第三步:提空后,再进行整篇通读。

  二、 完形填空理解所需能力

  完型词汇的复习重点

  第一, 阅读理解能力尤为重要

  词汇的辨析和使用占到完型出题量的60% -70%左右,是最重的部分。所以,考前词汇的准备对于完型显得尤为重要。但最为有效地复习词汇的关键是要掌握完型对词汇考查的特点:

  阅读理解是考生对文章的大意进行理解的第一步也是关键的第一步,只有对文章的大意有所了解,才能把题目做好。通过阅读,可以更加熟悉地了解文章的结构,词汇的设置,词语的辨识等。在阅读文章的时候,万学海文英语考研辅导专家提醒广大的2012年考生们不要忘记了对第一句的阅读,因为文章首段的第一句通常会给我们一个整体的信息。

  首先,完型考查的不是那些所谓"很难、很偏的词"。考研大纲所要求的词汇量本身就是一个大学生应该掌握的基本词汇,在这些词汇中重点用来考完型的不过在1500-1600个左右,这些词汇绝大部分都是考生们已经"认识"的普通词汇。

  下面是1999年~2010年研究生入学考试英语试卷中使用过的短文的首句,万学海文英语考研辅导老师把其中分别包含的信息整理如下:

  其次,对这些考生们已经"认识"的普通词汇,完型的重点当然不会放在考查其大概意思上,而是考查考生对该词汇掌握的"深度"。在词汇的意义上,由于大部分英文词汇为多意,完型注重对词汇意义的全面考查,而不仅限于该词的主要意义;除了词汇的意义,完型近年来越来越注重对词汇用法的考查,特别是词汇的搭配使用。考生们对词汇的准备应更多地放在对已经认识的词汇的"深度"扩展上,而非简单地去追求词汇的"广度"。

  In 1924 America’s National Research Council sent two engineers to supervise a series of experiments at a telephone—parts factory called the Hawthorne Plant near Chicago。(2010年,what,when,who,where)

  如何做整体通读从而掌握文章的中心主线根据我们上文对完型文章结构两大特点的分析,以及总分结构在完型文章中三个层面的应用,建议考生按照以下步骤进行整体通读,从而迅速把握整篇完型文章的中心主线:

  Research on animal intelligence always makes me wonder just how smart humans are。(2009年 what,how)

  第一:重点读文章的首句或首段。首句之后的第二句往往也很重要,也可能是总述句的范畴,建议根据情况重点读。

  The idea that some groups of people may be more intelligent than others is one of those hypotheses that dare not speak its name. (2008年 what,how);

  第二:再重点读每一段的首句。

  By 1830 the former Spanish and Portuguese colonies had become independent nations。(2007年 when,who, how);

  第三:以上首句之外的分述部分,挑选分述中各句子中的一些重点词语,如谓语动词,形容词、名词等,进行综合分析。

  The homeless make up a growing percentage of America’s population。(2006年who ,how);

  以上这三个步骤,第一步是核心,由于完型文章大都采用总分对照结构,一般通过文章的首句就已经能够读出中心主线了;如果有些文章的首句对文章中心主线表现的不是很明确的话,第二和第三个步骤可用来和第一步骤互相配合,进一步明确中心主线。

4886a威尼斯城官网 ,  The human nose is an underrated tool。(2005年what,how);

  例如:2003年完型文章:

  Many theories concerning the causes of juvenile delinguency(crimes committed by young people)focus either on the individual or on society as the major contributing influence. (2004年what,how);

  Teachers need to be aware of the emotional, intellectual, and physical changes that young adults experience. And they also need to give serious 21 to how they can be best 22 such changes. Growing bodies need movement and 23 , but not just in ways that emphasize competition. 24 they are adjusting to their new bodies and a whole host of new intellectual and emotional challenges, teenagers are especially self-conscious and need the 25 that comes from achieving success and knowing that their accomplishments are 26 by others. However, the typical teenage lifestyle is already filled with so much competition that it would be 27 to plan activities in which there are more winners than losers, 28 , publishing newsletters with many student-written book reviews, 29 student artwork, and sponsoring book discussion clubs. A variety of small clubs can provide 30 opportunities for leadership, as well as for practice in successful 31 dynamics. Making friends is extremely important to teenagers, and many shy students need the 32 of some kind of organization with a supportive adult 33 visible in the background.

  Teachers need to be aware of the emotional, intellectual, and physical changes that young adults experience. (2003年who,how);

  In these activities, it is important to remember that the young teens have 34 attention spans. A variety of activities should be organized 35 participants can remain active as long as they want and then go on to 36 else without feeling guilty and without letting the other participants 37 . this does not mean that adults must accept irresponsibility. 38 they can help students acquire a sense of commitment by 39 for roles that are within their 40 and their attention spans and byshavingsclearly stated rules.

  Comparisons were drawn between the development of television in the 20th century and the diffusion of printing in the 15th and 16th centuries. (2002年what, how, when);

  该文章的首句- "Teachers need to be aware of the emotional, intellectual, and physical changes that young adults experience. -教师们需要意识到青少年所经历的情绪、智力和身体上的变化"

  The government is to ban payments to witnesses by newspapers seeking to buy up people involved in prominent cases 1 the trial of Rosemary West. (2001年who,what,how);

  这个首句虽然大体揭示出文章的主题(FOCUS)是有关青少年应对变化的问题,但中心主线,如作者的态度倾向性等并不是很明确。其实,我们只要在之后的分述部分抓几个句子的重要词语,就马上可以明确这些:

  If a farmer wishes to succeed, he must try to keep a wide gap between his consumption and his production. (2000年who,why,how);

  分述部分

  Industrial safety does not just happen. (1999年what,how);

  ……but not just in ways that emphasize competition……

  第二, 扎实的语法是基础

本文由4886a威尼斯城官网发布于4886a威尼斯城官网,转载请注明出处:2012年考研英语完形填空解题,2008考研英语答疑之

关键词:

4886a威尼斯城官网毕金献08考研英语模拟题一知识

答案与解析: 答案速查 Model Test 1 1~5DBCAA Section Ⅰ Use of English 11~15BDCAC6~10DBCDA 1. [答案] [B] imposing 16~20BDACB21~25DBACB [...

详细>>

毕金献08考研英语模拟题二写作部分,毕金献08考

Section Ⅲ Writing Section Ⅲ Writing Part A Part A 51. Directions: 51. Directions: Write a letter to the Economics School of a famous university,ask...

详细>>

毕金献08考研英语模拟题一阅读理解部分,恩波教

Section ⅡReading Comprehension Section ⅡReading Comprehension Part A Part A Directions: Directions: Read the following four texts.Answer the questi...

详细>>

何以口语畏缩不前,毕金献08考研马耳他语模拟题

Li Ming 2.Learn and study phrases 52.[参考样文] You don't have to go anywhere to become a fluent English speaker. Youonly need to surround yo...

详细>>