151. lottery citizens“彩民”

   From my point of view, I am in favor of china’s abolishing the Household Registration System or what we call the hukou system mainly because of the inequalities and the following harmful consequences brought by the current hukou system. There is no denying that now, in China, people with urban hukous have advantages over rural residents in almost every aspect of life, such as education, medic treatment, employment, housing, etc. The inequalities in these important social issues do harm to the development of economy and society. With regard to the education, in our hukou system, it is common that people with urban hukous especially those for big cities like Beijing can enjoy much more education opportunities and obviously better education infrastructure than people living in the rural areas where there are still a large number of children lacking basic education, let alone multiple choices of schools or groups of excellent teachers. Considering the mass migration of the population from rural areas to cities, the educational inequality can be seen from the situation the rural children are facing where they will probably be left behind since their praents are migrant workers but they cannot enter the local schools without urban hukous. Consequently, the inequality in education causes the imbalance of education resources, which will dissatisfy the rural residents and do harm to the personnel training. In terms of medical treatment, urban people can enjoy more complete medical services as well as more detailed medical insurance for not only severe diseases but also minor aliments. What is more, if a person with the allochthonical medical insurance wants to be reimbursed for the money he pays for the treatment, he will confront with a lot of trouble like the complicated procedures. It brings inconvinence to rural residents and violates their interests. Last, about the employment. It is not unusual that some companies require the job seekers to have local ruban hukous. Therefore, the job seekers with rural hukous are not given the equal chance as the others with urban hukous. In the long term, it will lead to the shortage of labor force and the retard the urbanlization process.       To conclude, current hukou system brings far more problems than the points I have demonstrated above. So it is advisable if we take measures to abolish it step by step.

  152. sponsor charities or athletic development扶持慈善事业与体育发展

  153. try one’s luck碰运气 154.make easy money轻松赚钱

  155. great temptation巨大的诱惑

  156. In my mind, lottery is much the same as gambling in nature and it certainly brings more negative effects than positive effects, if any.在我看来,购买彩票与赌博在性质上并无二致,它有很多负面作用,而正面作用却微乎其微。

  157. earning-quick-buck mentality迅速暴富的思想

  158. Secondly, not a few people, being indulged in lottery, lose not only initiative for work but also interest in life.第二,不少人对彩票痴心不改,对工作失去了积极性,对生活失去了兴趣。

  159. Wishful thinking如意算盘 160. fall into four categories归结为四类

  161. addiction to drugs吸毒成瘾 162. habitual drug-takers(吸毒)瘾君子

  163. First, mass media keep us well informed of the happenings of the world which would otherwise remain unknown.首先,通过大众传媒,我们对世界风云变幻了如指掌,否则我们就会一无所知。

  164. They must make great efforts to meet the satisfaction of the adults, and at the same time go out of their way to avoid imposing bad influence on the children.他们既要努力满足成年观众的需求,又要避免影片对儿童产生不利影响。

  165. Films and TV series ought to educate the young but not to ruin them.影片和电视节目应对未成年人起到教化作用而不是教唆作用。

  166. combine book knowledge with practice将书本知识与实践结合

  167. Though it does good to college students in many ways, the golden week can never be said to bring no problems.对大学生而言,尽管黄金周好处多多,但其负面效应也是客观存在的。

  168. cherish time珍惜时间

  169. Nowadays we have heard too much about piracy here and there.今天,盗版现象随处可见  pirated videos and pornographic publications盗版影碟或淫秽出版物

  170. make great fortune overnight一夜暴富

  171. authentic copyright holders版权合法持有者 172. prosecute起诉

  173. employ more scientific and advanced inspection methods利用更多科学,先进的检测手段

  174. only attach importance to superficial characteristics只注重产品的外在特征

  175. tell the authentic copy from the false one将正版与盗版区分开来

  176. Actions speak louder than words.行动胜于空谈。

  177. The early 1990’s witnessed an unprecedented tide of rural workers flooding into big cities.20世纪90年代初期,农民工开始如潮水般地涌入大城市。

  178. No one denies the important contribution rural workers have made to urban development.没有人能否认农民工为城市建设做出的重要贡献。

  179. An indispensable part of urban life城市生活中不可或缺的一部分

  180. Yet an anti-migrant attitude runs consistently through the mainstream of urbanization.然而,反对农民工进城的态度一直贯穿于城市化主流进程之中。

  181. They also blame them for the sharp rise in urban crime rate.他们还把城市犯罪率的急剧上升归罪于农民工。

  182. Most of the government officials are honest and hardworking, but cases of dishonesty and corruption in government are frequently reported in recent years.大多数政府官员是诚实敬业的。但近年来官员渎职,腐败案件时有发生。

  183. seek ease and comfort贪图安逸享乐 184. neglect one’s duty玩忽职守 

  185. They abuse the power entrusted to them by the people.他们滥用人民赋予的权利。

  186. government at all levels各级政府

  187. launch a nationwide campaign against all forms of corruption在全国范围内开展反腐败斗争。

  188. serve the people whole-heartedly全心全意为人民服务。

  189. expose and denounce the offenders 曝光和揭发违法犯罪者

  190. supervisory authorities监督部门

  191. a guarantee to strengthen the economic construction促进经济建设的保证




226. face the danger of extinction (生物等)面前遭受灭绝的风雨飘摇 MRS. OBAMA:  (Applause.)  Thank you.  Well, ni-hao.  (Laughter.)  ...



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