关于专业等

日期:2019-07-24编辑作者:教育留学

  (25) Why do you like your major?

图片 1

  I love problem driven research. I like to spend a considerable amount of time working on problems in Supply Chains Management。

Xin Jin

  (26) Why do you choose US but not Canada or Germany?

By Kevin Holden Dec. 16, 2016 , 9:00 AM

  Because the United States has the most advanced technology and science in the world. I would like to persue a PhD degree in the United States but not in any other country.

When China’s leaders decided a generation ago to experiment with opening the People’s Republic to global market forces, they created an archipelago of special economic zones (SEZs) along the nation’s southern coast. South China’s resulting transformation into an export powerhouse has helped make the country a world trade titan. Now the region is part of a new round of reforms aimed at reshaping China into a globally connected pioneer in the sciences. China’s universities, along with the National Natural Science Foundation and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), have created award schemes aimed at attracting scientists trained in the United States or Europe to take positions across southern China and to help spur the next stage of the region’s metamorphosis. These strategies are helping power research breakthroughs in the spheres of space science, physics, genomics, and medicine.

  (27) Why do you want to pursue a doctor’s degree in the USA?

From rice paddies to space stations

  A Ph.D. degree will help me to achieve my career goal. **(如有必要)I would like to become a professor in a leading business school in China, and I am sure that a Ph.D. degree in the USA will help me to achieve my career goal.

The drive to transmute the country’s burgeoning economic might into scientific prowess is evident across southern China. Shenzhen, crisscrossed by rice paddies when it was designated an SEZ, is now one of the world’s fastest growing cities and hosts one of China’s leading genomics outfits. Similarly, the tropical island of Hainan, ringed by fishing villages when it too became an SEZ, opened its new space launch center this summer. Thousands of visitors watched the premier liftoff of the new Long March 7 rocket, along with the prototype of a next-generation human space capsule that it carried into orbit. CAS leaders say spaceflight is a high-priority sector for heightened international cooperation. China recently signed an agreement with the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, outlining Beijing’s pledge “to enable United Nations member states, particularly developing countries, to conduct space experiments onboard China’s space station, as well as to provide flight opportunities for astronauts and payload engineers.” CAS is stepping up its twin drives to boost collaboration on transborder science projects and to increase its standing in worldwide science. One area in which it has made headway is in studies encompassing the formation of the universe, the earliest galaxies, and the solar system. Planetary scientist Yuan Li, a postdoctoral researcher at Rice University in Houston, says he was persuaded to accept a position at the CAS Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry through a Global Youth Experts award. Li is the lead author of a recent Nature Geoscience study, cowritten with colleagues at Rice, which posited that the life-enabling carbon in the Earth’s crust might be the result of a collision between the proto-Earth and a Mercury-like planet about 4.4 billion years ago. That collision was distinct from the interplanetary smashup that scientists believe gave birth to the Moon during the early formation of the solar system. “During the accretion of our Earth, there were probably numerous collisions between the proto-Earth and small planetary embryos,” says Li. This early period in the solar system’s evolution, he adds, might have resembled a massive billiards game involving the inner protoplanets crashing into each other before entering stabilized orbits around the sun. Li’s paper is part of a steady rise of articles written by Chinese scholars and published in the world’s leading academic journals. He says China’s expanding constellation of incentives for scientists is a powerful attraction for scholars trained in the West. “In the past five years, thousands of young scientists like me have returned to China,” he says.

  (28) Why not a Ph.D. degree in China?

Particle physics breakthroughs

  I’ve got my Bachelor degree at Peking University and Master degree at Tsinghua University. So, it’s quite reasonable for me to peruse my Ph.D. degree in the United States.You know, the United States has the most advanced techno logy and science in the world.

China is interested not only in the macroworld, it is also keen on the microworld. Scientists with an advanced degree in physics who have accepted positions at south China universities are helping track and explain how neutrinos morph into different types, or generations, as they fly through space at nearly the speed of light. These physicists have joined an international team of scientists who are studying nuclear reactor–produced neutrinos in the southern Chinese seaside resort of Daya Bay. Collaboration on these experiments involves universities and physicists stretching across four continents, says Kam-Biu Luk, a professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley, and a distinguished visiting scholar at the University of Hong Kong. Luk, who heads the international participation in the project, says this exploration of the long-shrouded world of neutrinos is one of the most outstanding experiments in particle physics ever conducted by joint groups of universities based in China and the United States. Physicists at the University of Hong Kong, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen University, Dongguan University of Technology, and Sun Yat-sen University have joined counterparts at Yale, Princeton, and other laboratories in this expanding experiment. Chinese scientists involved in these neutrino observations, along with the international team headed by Luk, were awarded the prestigious Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics in 2016, for outlining how neutrinos transform as they speed through the cosmos. They won, according to the prize citation, for “revealing a new frontier beyond, and possibly far beyond, the standard model of particle physics.” Due to the rapidly growing neutrino physics programs in China, Jiajie Ling, a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Illinois who is now a professor in physics at Sun Yat-sen University, opted to take a position there with start-up funding support from the Thousand Talents Program for Distinguished Young Scholars. He is helping to guide a new series of experiments at Daya Bay: the search for the hypothesized “sterile neutrino.” This proposed fourth type of neutrino could be a form of the elusive dark matter that scientists have been searching for since the last century, says Ling.

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