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威尼斯手机娱乐官网 2 Bearand bare

Bare and bear are homophones – that is, they sound the same – but have very different meanings。 Where it is often misused for bare is when it is used as a verb。 The verb bear relates to carrying or supporting whereas the verb bare means ‘to uncover and expose it to view’:

Bear and bare are often confused when used as verbs。 While bare means ‘to uncover (a part of the body or other thing) and expose it to view’, the verb bear relates to carrying or supporting, both literally and figuratively。 Bear can, of course, be a noun – denoting the furry animal。 Bare, on the other hand, can also be used as an adjective, meaning ‘not clothed or covered’。 So it does make quite a difference whether someone has bear feet or bare feet。


Bear和bare用作动词时常常容易混淆。Bare的意思是“裸露、身体的一部分或其他物体无覆盖物”, Bear作名词时表示“熊”。另一方面,bear也可以用作形容词,表示“没有穿衣服或无遮盖物的”。因此bear feet 和bare feet并没有较大差别,均可表示“赤脚”。

He was bearing a tray of brimming glasses。

stationary and stationery


Another very common mistake is to confuse stationary and stationery。 The two have the same pronunciation and their spelling is very similar, but while stationary is an adjective meaning ‘not moving’, stationery is a noun referring to writing materials。

Steamboats bear the travellers home。

stationary 和stationery也是一组常见的易混词汇。这两个有相同的发音并且拼写很相似。但stationary是形容词,表示“静止的”,stationery则是名词,指“文具、信纸”。


Dessertand desert

The walls cannot bear the weight of a stone vault。

While the prospect of stranding on a dessert island may sound quite appealing to some, you’d probably be more likely to end up on a desert island after having survived a shipwreck。 Similarly to the stationary and stationery confusion, a single letter can make a big difference here。 Desert can be used both as a noun and a verb, meaning ‘a waterless, empty area’ and ‘to abandon someone’, respectively。 A dessert, on the other hand, is the sweet course of a meal。


停留在甜食小岛上听起来很吸引人,但实际上,你可能会在海难后最终在一个荒岛上后海难中幸存下来。类似于stationary 和 stationery,一个字母之差可能导致一个很大的区别。Desert(沙漠)可以作为名词和动词使用,意思分别为“n。沙漠/荒凉之地”和“v。遗弃某人”。Dessert,意为“一餐中的甜点”。

He bared his chest to show his scar。

isle and aisle


The homophones isle and aisle are both nouns, with the former referring to an island, and the latter to a passage between rows of seats。 Thus, you’d perhaps come across an aisle rather than an isle while doing your grocery shopping。

She grinned, baring an impressive row of teeth。



gorilla andguerrilla

The verb bear can also be used of figurative carrying and supporting, commonly in relation to bearing a name, carrying the weight of responsibility (The tenant will bear the expert’s fee), or to ‘be able to accept or stand up to’ (His claims may not bear scrutiny)。

Gorillas are not necessarily known for their combative, militant nature, but guerrillas certainly are。 Although gorilla can be informally used to describe a person, or more specifically, ‘a heavily built aggressive-looking man’, in a military context, speaking of guerrilla soldiers makes more sense, as it refers to ‘a member of a small independent group taking part in irregular fighting’。



Bear can also mean to endure an ordeal or difficulty (She bore the pain stoically), to manage to tolerate something (often phrased with the negative; she could not bear his sarcasm), or to dislike strongly (I can’t bear parsnips)。


Finally, bear can mean to give birth to a child (when said of a person) or the produce fruit or flowers (when said of a plant or tree):


She bore six daughters。 (bore is the past tense of bear)


Plants can bear flowers and fruits at the same time。


Until the 18th century, borne and born were simply variant forms of the past participle of bear, used interchangeably。 At that time borne became the standard past participle used in all the senses listed above, and remains so today。 Born became restricted to just one very common use, which remains the case today: in the passive, without by, to refer to birth: she was born in 1965。

Several everyday expressions and phrasal verbs use bear; using bare in these expressions is a common mistake:

直到十八世纪,borne与born都是bear的过去分词的简单形式,可以互换使用。 那时, borne成了上面列出的所有意义的标准过去分词,而今天仍然如此。 Born只限于一种非常常见的用途,今天仍然如此:常用于不使用by的被动语态,指出生:她生于1965年。几个日常表达和短语动词也使用bear; 在这些表达中使用bare是一个常见的错误:

Bear on: ‘be relevant to (something)’

Bear on:‘与…有关’

Bear (something) out: ‘support or confirm (something)’




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