L5 Unit 1-1 Listening
Have you ever thought about what it means to ‘put your thinking cap on’？
Jessica was 35 years old. She graduatedfrom middle school 20 years ago. This year her middle school class had its 20thyear class forreunion. All of herclassmates and teachers were invited to attend. It’s to going to be held at thehotel, near where their school used to be. Like many other buildings, theschool had been torn down. It had been replaced by some of the apartmentbuildings.
At first, she wasn’t sure if she could goto the reunion. One reason was that there wasn’t anyone in particular that shewanted to see. Another reason was that she was very busy. She was a workingmother, with a boy 8 years old and her husband who was rarely at home. Going tothe reunion meant that she would have to arrange someone to take care of thingswhile she was away. That wouldn’t be easy. She didn’t want to take her boy withher and her husband wouldn’ttake time
How is it possible to‘pass with flying colors’？
off from work.
Then she got a message from Sharon, one ofher classmates. Sharon was contacting people from their class andurgingeveryone to come. In the schooldays, she was class monitor, and now she was helping to organize the reunion. Theyexchanged the messages and Jessica said she couldn’tmake it. Then Sharon gave her a call and they talked for almost anhour. Sharon really wanted her to come and so dida couple ofJessica’s old friends. They were all wondering how shewas doing. None of them have seen or heard from her since graduation. They wereespecially curious since she hadn’t gone to their first reunion 10 yearsbefore.
This blog will help you decipher some of the confusing idioms surrounding school and education。 With regular practice， you might just be able to use them in everyday speech yourself， and not ‘draw a blank’ when you hear someone else use them！
Jessica decided to arrange things so that
she could go. Her husband finally agreed to take care of things while she was
Just remember， although these idioms derive from terminology surrounding school and education， they can be used in everyday situations。
away. He agreed to do it because her mother had offered to come and stay for a
while so Jessica could attend the reunion. Since he and her mother didn’t get
1。 PUT / GET YOUR THINKING CAP ON
along, he decided to change his schedule and work from home for a few days. He
really didn’t want her mother to come though he didn’t say so.
To engage your mind and think in a serious manner。
When she got to the reunion, she was
shocked. Everyone had aged so much and many of them were out of shape. Some who used to be good-looking had lost their looks
Right， we need to figure out how we’re going to solve this problem before mum and dad get back， so let’s put our thinking caps on！
completely and others look much better and before. It was strange how time had
changed people in such different ways. Anyway, she decided that since she was
2。 DRAW A BLANK
there, she would try to enjoy it.
L5 Unit 1-1 vocabulary
To get no response from someone when they are asked a question。
To replace something means to put something
else in its ways. When something gets old and begins to break down, it may need
I asked him about his plans for Christmas， butI just drew a blank。 He didn’t seem to understand what I was asking him！
to be replaced.
To tear something down means break it
3。 BACK TO BASICS
apart. To tear a person down means to hurt them by saying negative things about
An approach that uses traditional ideas and methods which have been successful in the past。
To construct somethings means to build it
or put it together. Large construction projects include buildings, bridges and
They seem to prefer having everything back to basics in their office。 They have minimal use of advanced technology， but apparently find everything simpler and easier to manage。
organizations. The opposite of constructive is destructive.
To organize something means to arrange
4。 AS EASY AS ABC
things in elderly logical way. An organization is something that has a logical
structure such as a well-managed company.
Something that is very simple or easy。
To support something such an idea is to
help or add strength to it. The opposite of support is to undermine(逐渐削弱)or weaken.
That jigsaw puzzle is as easy as ABC， I don’t understand why you’ve been struggling with it for so long。
Public information is available to anyone
who wants to know it. if a store is open to the public, it means anyone can
Private information is not open to everyone
Used to describe someone who copies another person’s work。
but it’s only available to trusted friend to family. Information about one’s
secret hopes or dreams is usually private.
I don’t like talking to her about my wedding plans because she’s such a copycat！ I know she’ll steal my ideas and use them for her own wedding。
Confidential information is secret
information. Confidential is not supposed to be shared with others.
6。 COVER A LOT OF GROUND
Gossip is information that is often be
exchanged because of its exciting and fun, even though it maybe not be true.
When a lot of work needs to be completed。 If there is a lot of research to be done， or material to get through。
Offering gossip is often entertaining but it can often be damaging.
Opinions are what people think and feel
Our team have done so well over the past two weeks， we’ve managed to cover so much ground that I feel this programmer may be ready by the end of this month！
about something as it supposed to factual information. Factual information is
based on facts or evidence, but opinions are what people think or feel.
We have to complete our research within the next month。 We still have a lot of ground to coverand I fear we may not get everything done in time。
They are too disorganized to get anything
done on time.
7。 COUNT NOSES
To replace something means to out something
else in its place.
To count the number of people around you （generally used on a school trip， to check for missing students）。
The opposite of construct is tear down.
Opinions often differ, and when they do
My grandmother was constantly counting noses at the birthday party。 I think she felt responsible for all the children there！
people may argue.
Gossip is information that is often made up or exaggerated.
8。 EAGER BEAVER
The password to your bank account information is private
Someone who works hard and is very enthusiastic。
Many people make money byinvesting
in public companies.
Mary is such an eager beaver， she always the first one to do whatever the boss asks。 I think she’s hoping for a promotion！
Revealing confidential information may be illegal.
Gossip may hurt or embarrass the person being gossiped about.
9。 DROP OUT OF SCHOOL （phrasal verb） / DROPOUT （noun）
L5 Unit 1-1 dialogue
Is this the Ace service center?
To stop attending school completely （leave without graduating）。
Yes, it is, Sir. May I help you?
Yes, I’m calling to complaining about your
She dropped out of school at the age of 14 to help her sick grandmother at home， but now she runs her own successful nursing home for the elderly！
Certainly, sir. I’m sorry to hear that. Let
He’s adropout，I can’t see him being anything successful with his current reputation。
me see if that’s something I can do to help you. Please tell me what happened.
I order a new washing machine at new
10。 SHOW OF HANDS
website. It was more than a week ago.
Before you go on, may I have your order
Raising hands to vote about something。
Sure, it’s abc1005.
With a show of hands， who would prefer to have longer working days but a shorter working week？
And may I have the last 4digitsof your social security number?
I don’t have a social security number. I’manillegal alien.
Very funny, sir. Ok, then. What’s your
11。 LEARN （SOMETHING） BY HEART / OFF BY HEART
first pet’s name?
To memorize something so well， that it can be written or recited without thinking。
OK, I see your all information. Now, what’s
I can’t believe you learnt the whole Macbeth play by heart！ Well done！
I ordered a new washing machine and paidfor it. Then I chose the delivery date fora
set ofchoices. It was supposed to be delivered today, but it’s still nothere.
She learnt all the compositions by Beethoven off by heart！
Did anyone contact you?
No, I haven’t received messages.
I’m sorry to hear that sir.
I see here that the washing machine you
This is used to describe someone who reads a lot， all the time。
ordered hasn’t arrived in our warehouse(仓库) yet. It can
be delivered until next week.
You won’t be able to convince her to come out with us， she’s a real bookworm and will probably stay in to read！
You don’t even have it yet? Why haven’t I beennotified. Itook time off from work to be at home today.
You should have been notified by phone or
13。 FROM THE OLD SCHOOL/ OF THE OLD SCHOOL
I wasn’t. I haven’t received anynotification. This is very upsetting.
Holding attitudes or ideas that were popular and important in the past， but which are no longer considered relevant or in-line with modern trends。
I understand, sir. I’m really sorry for
She was a teacher of the old school and believed in strict discipline。
Being sorry isn’t enough. I’m really upset.
This is no way to do business.
My grandmother is from the old school， she made her children make their own lunches and walk to school。
Yes, sir, I understand.
I can send you a 50-dollar gift coupon as a
14。 THE SCHOOL OF HARD KNOCKS
way to express our appreciation for your patience.
I don’t care about the money. I don’t blame
Learning through difficult experiences in life， as opposed to a formal， classroom education。
you of course but I want you to know how disappointed that I am with Ace. I expected
much better service.
I wasn’t able to go to college， but I learnt a lot in the school of hard knocks， it taught me a lot about life。
I’m really sorry, sir. Is that anything
else that I can do for you?
15。 A FOR EFFORT
Yes, that is. I’d like to cancel the order
and get a refund.
Giving someone recognition for trying hard to do something even though they may not be successful。
I’m sorry to hear that, sir. But Iunderstand.I’ll see to it thatyou getyour refund.
Jenny definitely deserves an A for effort， she put so much work into her entry for the competition。
long will it take before I get the refund?
You should see the credit on your next
16。 SCHOOL SOMEONE IN SOMETHING
month’s credit card billing statement.
Thanks for your help.
To train， discipline or coach someone in something。
You are welcome sir and once again, please
accept my apologies.
She schooled her brother in patience。
L5 Unit 1-2 Listening
Jessica’s 20-year class reunion was held ata fancy hotel. When she arrived, she wasn’t sure she was in the right place. Atfirst, she didn’t recognize anyone. She felt a bit awkward and out of place.But it wasn’t before a strange man came up
17。 CUT CLASS / PLAY HOOKY / SKIP CLASS
to her. He was already losing his hear and he was wearingthick glasses(深度眼镜). Don’t you remember me? He asked. When he said who he was, shebarely remembered him, especially he has changed so much. Then he told her thathe had alwayshad crush on her. Hesaid she looked beautiful and he immediately took aselfieof them, with his armtight
around her waist. This made her felt a bit strange. She smiled at him andpretended to be happy to see him. But in fact, she was sure how to react,thought he seemed nice. She finally excused herself and went to the ladies’ room.She was beginning to regret to having come to the reunion. She had always beenshy and she still was. When she returned to the party, Sharon invited her tosit at her table. Dinner was going to be served soon and some of the classmateswere going to give speeches. Sharon next was also got to say a few words toobecause people were curious. This was a surprise. Jessica had never been verypopular and she didn’t think anyone had noticed her. She had always felt likean outsider, with only a couple of close friends. Still, she had been one ofthe best students and people remembered her.As the evening wore on, Jessica began to really enjoy herself. Shetold to her old friends and was amazed by how some others had changed.
When someone plays truant and does not go to their lessons。
For example, Tom used to be good lookingand athletic. He was one of the most popular students, and star basketballplayer. His one problem was math. He had had hard time in math especially ingeometric. This is because he wasn’t alogical thinker.Except for basketball,
he didn’t want to do anything, unless it was easy. Tom was no longer goodlooking. His nosewhich hadalwaysbeen large, had grown even larger. He had alsogained a lot of weight. His wife had left him so for the first timeand ever, he was lone. He looked lonely and depressed, not at all like he usedto be.
David has been cutting class again； I haven’t seen him in any of our French lessons for the past week！
Steve was a nobody in middle school. Peoplehardly noticed him. He was small, quiet and a bit ugly withcrooked teeth. What he was good at wasEnglish. His English was even better than their teachers. After graduating, hewent to low rent university and eventually dropped out. For a while, he workedas a tour guide. Then, 10 years ago, he and some friends started a littlecompany which is now a great success. In fact, he had become a rich, generousman. He had a nice warm smile and his success hadn’tgone to his head(冲昏头脑). It was a pleasure
to be around him.
They played hooky at college so they could be first in line for the concert tickets。
Betty used to be the most beautiful girl inschool. She wasn’t very smart but she was a great singer. She made a video ofher singing andit went viral. Shebecame famous overnight but it only lasted for about 2 years. After that, herfans lostinterested inher. Shetried to become an actress, but she failed. She has been too stiff and nervousin front of the camera. Betty has a nice husband who seems toadopther. The one tragedy in her lifehappened about 5 years ago when she lost her daughtertoa rareform of cancer.Because of that, her hair had begun to turn grey. Jessicacouldn’t help but feel sorry for her. Betty had had suchhigh hope intremendousenergy as a girl, but things didn’t work out.
And then there was John. John used to bethe schoolbully. He had been big,strong and mean. He hadn’t been nice to anybody. It seemed that he was alwaysangry and ready to hit someone. After graduating, he joined the army and wentoverseas to fight to a war. His saw many people died andhe grew to hate fighting of any kind. Then one day, he was nearlykilled whena helicopter he was inwas shut down. He survived the crash(事故) but he lost aleg and washospitalizedfor nearlya year. Now he had completely changed. He hadgentle, kind eyes and beautiful smile. He wasworking foran organization that provides support to elderlypeople. From Jessica’s point of view, johnhad
The teacher told his parents that he’d been skipping classes！ He’s not allowed to go out with us now。
turned out to bea wonderful surprise. In the end, Jessica wasgladshe went to her reunion. It wasinteresting to see how people had changed through these years. Still, she washappy to get home and appreciate everything that she had.
go viral 像病毒一样传播开来
18。 SCHOOL OF THOUGHT
be prepare for 为…作准备
L5 Unit 1-2 vocabulary
A particular philosophy or a way of thinking about something。
A broken heart is what happens when a loverelationship is broken off. Someonewith the broken heart is usually depressed which means they feel awful anddon’t enjoy life.
To fall in love with someone can be awonderful experience, with powerful emotions. People in love often share theirdeepest feelings and emotions, which isintimacy(n.亲密;亲近;亲昵的言行;性行为).
One school of thought holds that cats cause allergic reactions。
To find someone attractive usually meansthere is a physical desire to be with him. Physical attraction may sometimelead to love. But in many cases, it may only lead to a short term sexualrelationship.
Toflirt(调情) with someone means tolet
19。 TELL TALES OUT OF SCHOOL / TELL TALES
him or her knowthat you want to be approached. Some people use their eyesor smile to flirt.
Jealousy is what often happens when two people compete for the love of the same person. The one who loses may be
To gossip or spread rumors。
very jealous of the other and tries to break things up.
Rivals insult 辱骂
I wish Gina wouldn’t tell tales out of school so much， people find it hard to believe anything she says now， even if she is telling the truth！
Feelings of jealousy may last for a long
time and can destroy friendship.
20。 YOU CAN’T TEACH AN OLD DOG NEW TRICKS
Some people can remain calm even when
everyone else is confused and upset. When you are calm, you can think clearly
This means it is difficult to make someone change the way they do something when they have been doing it the same way for a very long time。
and make good decisions.
People react to disappointing news in
Jeremy tries so hard to show me how the computer works， but he doesn’t understand that you can’t teach old dog new tricks！
different ways. Sometimes they get discouraged and lose their confidence.
Sometimes they get depressed and began to cry or even get drunk.
21。 THE OLD SCHOOL TIE / OLDBOY NETWORK
People arefuriouswhen they are inextremelyangry. People whoare furious ateach other maybe end up fighting or trying to hurt each other.
To be excited is usually a good thing.
The way in which men who have been to the same expensive private school， help each other to find good jobs。
People can become excited while watching a soccer match and seeing their team
score a goal. The opposite of exciting is doll or boring.
The old school tie still has enormous power in most City companies。
Someone is terrified if they are extremelyafraid and shaking with fear. Terrified people will often scream andrun away from whatever is threatening them.
Being in love can blind you from seeing things as they really are.
They don’t make any effort to find a job for themselves， the old boy network does it all for them。
The emotions of love have inspired poets
L5 Unit 1-2 dialogue
What are you so exciting about?
To try to develop an idea or think of new ideas。
Have you heard? John and Sylvia are getting
Let’s all separate into groups and try to brainstorm as many suggestions as possible for the next school play。
No, I haven’t. But I’m not surprised. To be
honest, I never expected their marriage to last for very long. She is so
23。 AN OLD HEAD ON YOUNG SHOULDERS
aggressive and bossy(专横的) .
Well, I think John has an affair. He met
A child or young person who thinks and talks like an older person who has more life experience。
someone on the business trip.
Really, how did you find that out.
Emily doesn’t fit in with the children at her school， she’s definitely an old head on young shoulders。 She talks to them like a parent or teacher would！
Sherry told me a few minutes ago.
Oh, Sherry. She is such a gossip. I
24。 CALL THE ROLL / TAKE THE ROLL
wouldn’t believe anything she says.
No, really. This time I think we can trusther.I don’t think she’s making it up.