懂你德文L5,42条轻巧令人吸引的希伯来语习语表

日期:2019-07-24编辑作者:威尼斯手机娱乐官网

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L5 Unit 1-1 Listening

Have you ever thought about what it means to ‘put your thinking cap on’?

Jessica was 35 years old. She graduatedfrom middle school 20 years ago. This year her middle school class had its 20thyear class forreunion. All of herclassmates and teachers were invited to attend. It’s to going to be held at thehotel, near where their school used to be. Like many other buildings, theschool had been torn down. It had been replaced by some of the apartmentbuildings.

你是否思考过“带上思想帽”的真正含义?

At first, she wasn’t sure if she could goto the reunion. One reason was that there wasn’t anyone in particular that shewanted to see. Another reason was that she was very busy. She was a workingmother, with a boy 8 years old and her husband who was rarely at home. Going tothe reunion meant that she would have to arrange someone to take care of thingswhile she was away. That wouldn’t be easy. She didn’t want to take her boy withher and her husband wouldn’ttake time

How is it possible to‘pass with flying colors’?

off from work.

颜色跟考试又有什么关联呢?

Then she got a message from Sharon, one ofher classmates. Sharon was contacting people from their class andurgingeveryone to come. In the schooldays, she was class monitor, and now she was helping to organize the reunion. Theyexchanged the messages and Jessica said she couldn’tmake it. Then Sharon gave her a call and they talked for almost anhour. Sharon really wanted her to come and so dida couple ofJessica’s old friends. They were all wondering how shewas doing. None of them have seen or heard from her since graduation. They wereespecially curious since she hadn’t gone to their first reunion 10 yearsbefore.

This blog will help you decipher some of the confusing idioms surrounding school and education。 With regular practice, you might just be able to use them in everyday speech yourself, and not ‘draw a blank’ when you hear someone else use them!

Jessica decided to arrange things so that

本文将介绍一些容易让人迷惑的习语,这些习语与学校、教育相关。经过练习,也许你便能在平时生活中运用这些习语啦,更不会在听到时感觉“一头雾水”。

she could go. Her husband finally agreed to take care of things while she was

Just remember, although these idioms derive from terminology surrounding school and education, they can be used in everyday situations。

away. He agreed to do it because her mother had offered to come and stay for a

需要注意的是,这些习语虽然与学校、教育相关,但同样适用于日常交流。

while so Jessica could attend the reunion. Since he and her mother didn’t get

1。 PUT / GET YOUR THINKING CAP ON

along, he decided to change his schedule and work from home for a few days. He

1。开动脑筋

really didn’t want her mother to come though he didn’t say so.

To engage your mind and think in a serious manner。

When she got to the reunion, she was

令大脑和思维保持在思考状态。

shocked. Everyone had aged so much and many of them were out of shape. Some who used to be good-looking had lost their looks

Right, we need to figure out how we’re going to solve this problem before mum and dad get back, so let’s put our thinking caps on

completely and others look much better and before. It was strange how time had

好吧,我们必须在父母回家前想出解决问题的办法,那就让我们开动脑筋!

changed people in such different ways. Anyway, she decided that since she was

2。 DRAW A BLANK

there, she would try to enjoy it.

2。一无所获/大脑一片空白

L5 Unit 1-1 vocabulary

To get no response from someone when they are asked a question。

To replace something means to put something

面对提问毫无反应。

else in its ways. When something gets old and begins to break down, it may need

I asked him about his plans for Christmas, butI just drew a blank。 He didn’t seem to understand what I was asking him!

to be replaced.

我问过他的圣诞计划,但是一无所获。他好像根本不明白我在问什么!

To tear something down means break it

3。 BACK TO BASICS

apart. To tear a person down means to hurt them by saying negative things about

3。回复本原

them.

An approach that uses traditional ideas and methods which have been successful in the past。

To construct somethings means to build it

一种在过去有所成效的传统理念和方法。

or put it together. Large construction projects include buildings, bridges and

They seem to prefer having everything back to basics in their office。 They have minimal use of advanced technology, but apparently find everything simpler and easier to manage。

organizations. The opposite of constructive is destructive.

看上去他们更喜欢传统的办公方式。虽然他们鲜用先进技术,但是一切变得似乎更简单、更易于管理。

To organize something means to arrange

4。 AS EASY AS ABC

things in elderly logical way. An organization is something that has a logical

4。不费吹灰之力

structure such as a well-managed company.

Something that is very simple or easy。

To support something such an idea is to

某事不值一提、非常简单。

help or add strength to it. The opposite of support is to undermine(逐渐削弱)or weaken.

That jigsaw puzzle is as easy as ABC, I don’t understand why you’ve been struggling with it for so long。

Public information is available to anyone

七巧板游戏如此简单,你怎么花这么久的时间还没搞定?

who wants to know it. if a store is open to the public, it means anyone can

5。 COPYCAT

come in.

5。模仿者

Private information is not open to everyone

Used to describe someone who copies another person’s work。

but it’s only available to trusted friend to family. Information about one’s

描述模仿、抄袭他人作品者。

secret hopes or dreams is usually private.

I don’t like talking to her about my wedding plans because she’s such a copycat! I know she’ll steal my ideas and use them for her own wedding。

Confidential information is secret

我不想跟她谈论我的婚礼计划,她是个地地道道的模仿者!她知道了,一定会在自己婚礼上盗用我的创意。

information. Confidential is not supposed to be shared with others.

6。 COVER A LOT OF GROUND

Gossip is information that is often be

6。许多事情需要完成

exchanged because of its exciting and fun, even though it maybe not be true.

When a lot of work needs to be completed。 If there is a lot of research to be done, or material to get through。

Offering gossip is often entertaining but it can often be damaging.

大量的工作、研究项目急需完成或材料等待审核。

Opinions are what people think and feel

Our team have done so well over the past two weeks, we’ve managed to cover so much ground that I feel this programmer may be ready by the end of this month!

about something as it supposed to factual information. Factual information is

过去两周,我们小组进展迅速,处理了不少事情,也许这个项目月底就能完成!

based on facts or evidence, but opinions are what people think or feel.

We have to complete our research within the next month。 We still have a lot of ground to coverand I fear we may not get everything done in time。

They are too disorganized to get anything

我们必须在下月底完成这项研究。可是现在仍有很多工作没有完成,恐怕不能及时完成任务了。

done on time.

7。 COUNT NOSES

To replace something means to out something

7。清点人数

else in its place.

To count the number of people around you (generally used on a school trip, to check for missing students)。

The opposite of construct is tear down.

用于清点人数(常见于郊游时清点学生以防遗漏)。

Opinions often differ, and when they do

My grandmother was constantly counting noses at the birthday party。 I think she felt responsible for all the children there!

people may argue.

外祖母常在生日聚会上清点人数。她一定认为自己对在场的每个孩子都有责任!

Gossip is information that is often made up or exaggerated.

8。 EAGER BEAVER

The password to your bank account information is private

8。做事勤奋的人

information.

Someone who works hard and is very enthusiastic。

Many people make money byinvesting

做事勤奋、干劲十足的人。

in public companies.

Mary is such an eager beaver, she always the first one to do whatever the boss asks。 I think she’s hoping for a promotion!

Revealing confidential information may be illegal.

玛丽做事勤奋,无论老板提出什么要求,总是第一个冲锋陷阵。她一定是想得到提拔!

Gossip may hurt or embarrass the person being gossiped about.

9。 DROP OUT OF SCHOOL (phrasal verb) / DROPOUT (noun)

L5 Unit 1-1 dialogue

9。辍学(动词词组)/辍学生(名词)

Is this the Ace service center?

To stop attending school completely (leave without graduating)。

Yes, it is, Sir. May I help you?

完全不上学(尚未毕业便离校)。

Yes, I’m calling to complaining about your

She dropped out of school at the age of 14 to help her sick grandmother at home, but now she runs her own successful nursing home for the elderly!

service.

虽然她十四岁便辍学在家照顾生病的祖母,但是如今她成功经营了一家养老院。

Certainly, sir. I’m sorry to hear that. Let

He’s adropout,I can’t see him being anything successful with his current reputation。

me see if that’s something I can do to help you. Please tell me what happened.

他是名辍学生,就现在而言,我看不出他能有什么出息。

I order a new washing machine at new

10。 SHOW OF HANDS

website. It was more than a week ago.

10。举手表决

Before you go on, may I have your order

Raising hands to vote about something。

number please?

对某事进行表决。

Sure, it’s abc1005.

With a show of hands, who would prefer to have longer working days but a shorter working week?

And may I have the last 4digitsof your social security number?

举手表决,有谁支持延长工作日但缩短工作周期?

I don’t have a social security number. I’manillegal alien.

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Very funny, sir. Ok, then. What’s your

11。 LEARN (SOMETHING) BY HEART / OFF BY HEART

first pet’s name?

11。用心学习某事

Mr. Kidi.

To memorize something so well, that it can be written or recited without thinking。

OK, I see your all information. Now, what’s

对某事十分熟悉,能够不假思索地默写或背诵。

your problem?

I can’t believe you learnt the whole Macbeth play by heart! Well done!

I ordered a new washing machine and paidfor it. Then I chose the delivery date fora

你竟然记住了《麦克白》全部台词!真让人难以置信!干得好!

set ofchoices. It was supposed to be delivered today, but it’s still nothere.

She learnt all the compositions by Beethoven off by heart

Did anyone contact you?

她用心学习了贝多芬的所有曲目!

No, I haven’t received messages.

12。 BOOKWORM

I’m sorry to hear that sir.

12。书呆子

I see here that the washing machine you

This is used to describe someone who reads a lot, all the time。

ordered hasn’t arrived in our warehouse(仓库) yet. It can

形容某人一直读书。

be delivered until next week.

You won’t be able to convince her to come out with us, she’s a real bookworm and will probably stay in to read!

You don’t even have it yet? Why haven’t I beennotified. Itook time off from work to be at home today.

你不必费力请她和我们一起去,她是个名副其实的书呆子,可能更想在家读书!

You should have been notified by phone or

13。 FROM THE OLD SCHOOL/ OF THE OLD SCHOOL

email.

13。因循守旧

I wasn’t. I haven’t received anynotification. This is very upsetting.

Holding attitudes or ideas that were popular and important in the past, but which are no longer considered relevant or in-line with modern trends。

I understand, sir. I’m really sorry for

仍坚持过去流行的态度或主张,尽管其已不再符合现代社会发展趋势。

this.

She was a teacher of the old school and believed in strict discipline。

Being sorry isn’t enough. I’m really upset.

她是个老派的老师,相信严师出高徒。

This is no way to do business.

My grandmother is from the old school, she made her children make their own lunches and walk to school。

Yes, sir, I understand.

祖母是个传统的人,她要求儿女们自行准备午餐、步行去学校。

I can send you a 50-dollar gift coupon as a

14。 THE SCHOOL OF HARD KNOCKS

way to express our appreciation for your patience.

14。(有教育意义的)困苦经历

I don’t care about the money. I don’t blame

Learning through difficult experiences in life, as opposed to a formal, classroom education。

you of course but I want you to know how disappointed that I am with Ace. I expected

从苦难的生活经历学习,而非接受正规的课堂教育。

much better service.

I wasn’t able to go to college, but I learnt a lot in the school of hard knocks, it taught me a lot about life。

I’m really sorry, sir. Is that anything

我虽然未受过大学教育,但是困苦的生活经历同样使我学到很多,让我深刻理解了什么叫生活。

else that I can do for you?

15。 A FOR EFFORT

Yes, that is. I’d like to cancel the order

15。获得嘉奖

and get a refund.

Giving someone recognition for trying hard to do something even though they may not be successful。

I’m sorry to hear that, sir. But Iunderstand.I’ll see to it thatyou getyour refund.

对某人的辛勤付出做出肯定,即便并未取得成功。

How

Jenny definitely deserves an A for effort, she put so much work into her entry for the competition。

long will it take before I get the refund?

詹妮在比赛中倾注了大量的心血,理应获得嘉奖。

You should see the credit on your next

16。 SCHOOL SOMEONE IN SOMETHING

month’s credit card billing statement.

16。训练某人做某事

Thanks for your help.

To train, discipline or coach someone in something。

You are welcome sir and once again, please

训练、训导或指导某人做某事。

accept my apologies.

She schooled her brother in patience

L5 Unit 1-2 Listening

她耐心教导弟弟。

Jessica’s 20-year class reunion was held ata fancy hotel. When she arrived, she wasn’t sure she was in the right place. Atfirst, she didn’t recognize anyone. She felt a bit awkward and out of place.But it wasn’t before a strange man came up

17。 CUT CLASS / PLAY HOOKY / SKIP CLASS

to her. He was already losing his hear and he was wearingthick glasses(深度眼镜). Don’t you remember me? He asked. When he said who he was, shebarely remembered him, especially he has changed so much. Then he told her thathe had alwayshad crush on her. Hesaid she looked beautiful and he immediately took aselfieof them, with his armtight

17。逃课/逃学/逃课

around her waist. This made her felt a bit strange. She smiled at him andpretended to be happy to see him. But in fact, she was sure how to react,thought he seemed nice. She finally excused herself and went to the ladies’ room.She was beginning to regret to having come to the reunion. She had always beenshy and she still was. When she returned to the party, Sharon invited her tosit at her table. Dinner was going to be served soon and some of the classmateswere going to give speeches. Sharon next was also got to say a few words toobecause people were curious. This was a surprise. Jessica had never been verypopular and she didn’t think anyone had noticed her. She had always felt likean outsider, with only a couple of close friends. Still, she had been one ofthe best students and people remembered her.As the evening wore on, Jessica began to really enjoy herself. Shetold to her old friends and was amazed by how some others had changed.

When someone plays truant and does not go to their lessons。

For example, Tom used to be good lookingand athletic. He was one of the most popular students, and star basketballplayer. His one problem was math. He had had hard time in math especially ingeometric. This is because he wasn’t alogical thinker.Except for basketball,

某人旷课或逃学。

he didn’t want to do anything, unless it was easy. Tom was no longer goodlooking. His nosewhich hadalwaysbeen large, had grown even larger. He had alsogained a lot of weight. His wife had left him so for the first timeand ever, he was lone. He looked lonely and depressed, not at all like he usedto be.

David has been cutting class again; I haven’t seen him in any of our French lessons for the past week!

Steve was a nobody in middle school. Peoplehardly noticed him. He was small, quiet and a bit ugly withcrooked teeth. What he was good at wasEnglish. His English was even better than their teachers. After graduating, hewent to low rent university and eventually dropped out. For a while, he workedas a tour guide. Then, 10 years ago, he and some friends started a littlecompany which is now a great success. In fact, he had become a rich, generousman. He had a nice warm smile and his success hadn’tgone to his head(冲昏头脑). It was a pleasure

大卫又逃课了,上周就没见他上过一节法语课!

to be around him.

They played hooky at college so they could be first in line for the concert tickets。

Betty used to be the most beautiful girl inschool. She wasn’t very smart but she was a great singer. She made a video ofher singing andit went viral. Shebecame famous overnight but it only lasted for about 2 years. After that, herfans lostinterested inher. Shetried to become an actress, but she failed. She has been too stiff and nervousin front of the camera. Betty has a nice husband who seems toadopther. The one tragedy in her lifehappened about 5 years ago when she lost her daughtertoa rareform of cancer.Because of that, her hair had begun to turn grey. Jessicacouldn’t help but feel sorry for her. Betty had had suchhigh hope intremendousenergy as a girl, but things didn’t work out.

为买到音乐会第一排的演出票,他们不惜逃学。

And then there was John. John used to bethe schoolbully. He had been big,strong and mean. He hadn’t been nice to anybody. It seemed that he was alwaysangry and ready to hit someone. After graduating, he joined the army and wentoverseas to fight to a war. His saw many people died andhe grew to hate fighting of any kind. Then one day, he was nearlykilled whena helicopter he was inwas shut down. He survived the crash(事故) but he lost aleg and washospitalizedfor nearlya year. Now he had completely changed. He hadgentle, kind eyes and beautiful smile. He wasworking foran organization that provides support to elderlypeople. From Jessica’s point of view, johnhad

The teacher told his parents that he’d been skipping classes! He’s not allowed to go out with us now。

turned out to bea wonderful surprise. In the end, Jessica wasgladshe went to her reunion. It wasinteresting to see how people had changed through these years. Still, she washappy to get home and appreciate everything that she had.

老师告诉家长他们的孩子过去一直翘课!所以,这个孩子现在不能跟我们一起出来玩耍了。

go viral 像病毒一样传播开来

18。 SCHOOL OF THOUGHT

be prepare for 为…作准备

18。思想派别

L5 Unit 1-2 vocabulary

A particular philosophy or a way of thinking about something。

A broken heart is what happens when a loverelationship is broken off. Someonewith the broken heart is usually depressed which means they feel awful anddon’t enjoy life.

一种特定的理念或思考方式。

To fall in love with someone can be awonderful experience, with powerful emotions. People in love often share theirdeepest feelings and emotions, which isintimacy(n.亲密;亲近;亲昵的言行;性行为).

One school of thought holds that cats cause allergic reactions。

To find someone attractive usually meansthere is a physical desire to be with him. Physical attraction may sometimelead to love. But in many cases, it may only lead to a short term sexualrelationship. 

某学派认为猫能引起过敏反应。

Toflirt(调情) with someone means tolet

19。 TELL TALES OUT OF SCHOOL / TELL TALES

him or her knowthat you want to be approached. Some people use their eyesor smile to flirt.

19。背后讲坏话/搬弄是非

Jealousy is what often happens when two people compete for the love of the same person. The one who loses may be

To gossip or spread rumors。

very jealous of the other and tries to break things up.

八卦或传播流言蜚语。

Rivals insult 辱骂

I wish Gina wouldn’t tell tales out of school so much, people find it hard to believe anything she says now, even if she is telling the truth!

Feelings of jealousy may last for a long

我真希望吉娜没有现在这么八卦,即便说真话,也没人愿意相信她!

time and can destroy friendship.

20。 YOU CAN’T TEACH AN OLD DOG NEW TRICKS

Some people can remain calm even when

20。老狗学不会新把戏

everyone else is confused and upset. When you are calm, you can think clearly

This means it is difficult to make someone change the way they do something when they have been doing it the same way for a very long time。

and make good decisions.

比喻长期养成的习惯,很难发生改变。

People react to disappointing news in

Jeremy tries so hard to show me how the computer works, but he doesn’t understand that you can’t teach old dog new tricks

different ways. Sometimes they get discouraged and lose their confidence.

杰里米不厌其烦地向我展示计算机是如何工作的,但是他不明白,我接受不了新事物。

Sometimes they get depressed and began to cry or even get drunk.

21。 THE OLD SCHOOL TIE / OLDBOY NETWORK

People arefuriouswhen they are inextremelyangry. People whoare furious ateach other maybe end up fighting or trying to hurt each other.

21。老校情结/母校情谊

To be excited is usually a good thing.

The way in which men who have been to the same expensive private school, help each other to find good jobs。

People can become excited while watching a soccer match and seeing their team

毕业于同一私立学校的人会相互帮助寻找好工作。

score a goal. The opposite of exciting is doll or boring.

The old school tie still has enormous power in most City companies。

Someone is terrified if they are extremelyafraid and shaking with fear. Terrified people will often scream andrun away from whatever is threatening them.

在多数城市的公司中,母校情谊的力量仍不可小觑。

Being in love can blind you from seeing things as they really are.

They don’t make any effort to find a job for themselves, the old boy network does it all for them。

The emotions of love have inspired poets

他们对找工作一点不上心,在这方面,同校情谊发挥了很大作用。

throughout history.

22。 BRAINSTORM

L5 Unit 1-2 dialogue

22。头脑风暴

What are you so exciting about?

To try to develop an idea or think of new ideas。

Have you heard? John and Sylvia are getting

尝试发展新理念或创造新理念。

a divorce.

Let’s all separate into groups and try to brainstorm as many suggestions as possible for the next school play。

No, I haven’t. But I’m not surprised. To be

那就让我们分为几组,针对下一场校园剧提出尽可能多的建议。

honest, I never expected their marriage to last for very long. She is so

23。 AN OLD HEAD ON YOUNG SHOULDERS

aggressive and bossy(专横的) .

23。少年老成

Well, I think John has an affair. He met

A child or young person who thinks and talks like an older person who has more life experience。

someone on the business trip.

言谈举止接近阅历丰富的老者似的孩子或少年。

Really, how did you find that out.

Emily doesn’t fit in with the children at her school, she’s definitely an old head on young shoulders。 She talks to them like a parent or teacher would!

Sherry told me a few minutes ago.

艾米丽和校园里别的孩子不一样,她十分成熟。跟同学讲话的神情活像家长或老师!

Oh, Sherry. She is such a gossip. I

24。 CALL THE ROLL / TAKE THE ROLL

wouldn’t believe anything she says.

24。点名

No, really. This time I think we can trusther.I don’t think she’s making it up.

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