威尼斯手机娱乐官网如何养成良好的阅读习惯,

日期:2019-07-24编辑作者:威尼斯手机娱乐官网

这里所说的阅读可不是随手刷刷订阅号,也不是匆匆扫一遍微博点几个赞。我们今天要说的,是把文字正儿八经地敲进心里的阅读。在这个全民忙着致富的时代,完整地看完一篇文章或有始有终地看完一本书变成了一件奢侈的事,越来越多的人开始提倡慢生活,慢阅读。“慢”的另一重意味或许在于“不间断”,不急于得到结果,尽情体验过程。以下是一些关于阅读的实用方法,找本真正喜欢的书来读。

http://files.eduise.com/9-why-you-should-be-planned.html

1

Why You Should be Planning for 2018, Not 2017.

Always carry a book

Before writing the first chapter of Harry Potter, J. K. Rowling planned for seven years at Hogwarts. Harry Potter is one of the most read books of all-time.

总是带着一本书

Before creating the first Stars Wars movie in the 1970’s, George Lucas planned for at least six films and started atepisode/'ɛpɪsod/four, rather than episode one. Almost 40 years later, the entire world continues to be excited with the release of a new Star Wars film.This would not be possible if Lucas hadn’t thoughtfully and largely plannedahead.

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The principle is simple:Don’t just plant a tree, plant an orchard.

Wherever you go, take a book with you。 When I leave the house, I always make sure to have my drivers license, my keys and my book, at a minimum。 The book stays with me in the car, and I take it into the office and to appointments and pretty much everywhere I go, unless I know I definitely won’t be reading (like at a movie)。 If there is a time when you have to wait (like at a doctor’s office or at the DMV), whip out your book and read。 Great way to pass the time。

How different might Harry Potter have been if Rowling started the book without any intentions or plans beyond the first book? It may have just been a book about a boy who went to school and killed a bad guy. Perhaps, at the conclusion of that story, Rowling might or might not have decided to write asequel/'sikwəl/.

无论你去哪,带上一本书。当我离开家,我总是要确认我至少带了我的驾驶证,我的钥匙和我的书。我的书放在车里和欧文呆在一起,,并且我将她带进办公室,带去约会以及很多其他我要去的地方,除非我知道我一定不会阅读(像是看电影)。如果你需要等待一段时间(像是去看医生或是在车管局),打开你的书并且阅读。这是一个消磨时间的好方法。

sequel/'sikwəl/.

carry /‘kærɪ/ v。 拿,扛;携带

n. 续集;结局;继续;后果

license /‘laɪsns/ n。 执照,许可证

Yet, by “beginning with the end in mind,” Rowling was able todirect and positionthe first book much differently. The first book, although amazing in itself, was a means to an end, clearly leading the reader to the next book.

minimum /‘mɪnɪməm/ n。 最小值;最低限度

Not only that, but by having along-term'lɔŋtɝm/objective/əb'dʒɛktɪv/, Rowling was able to create a much bigger story. She was able toforeshadow/fɔr'ʃædo/to things the reader wouldn’t learn about for sometimes several years!

appointment /əˈpɔɪntmənt/ n。 任命;约定

long-term'lɔŋtɝm/objective/əb’dʒɛktɪv/长期目标

definitely /‘defɪnɪtlɪ/ adv。 清楚地,当然;明确地

foreshadow/fɔr’ʃædo/

DMV (dual mode vehicle) 公铁两用车

vt. 预示;成为…的前兆

2

learn about

Make a list

了解;学习

列一个清单

But she planted those seeds early and thoughtfully, and as a result, each book was a continuation of the next, rather than several disconnected and random stories.

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Similarly, consider how different Star Wars would have been had Lucas created one film, without planning what would come next,or before!Vadermay have just been “the bad guy,” not Luke’s father.

Keep a list of all the great books you want to read。 You can keep this in your journal, in a pocket notebook, on your personal home page, on your personal wiki, wherever。 Be sure to add to it whenever you hear about a good book, online or in person。 Keep a running list, and cross out the ones you read。 Tech trick: create a Gmail account for your book list, and email the address every time you hear about a good book。 Now your inbox will be your reading list。 When you’ve read a book, file it under “Done”。 If you want, you can even reply to the message (to the same address) with notes about the book, and those will be in the same conversation thread, so now your Gmail account is your reading log too。

Rowling从开始写哈利波特第一本书的时候,就已经考虑到7年后的魔法学院,Lucas拍星球大战的时候,一开始就按6部电影,每季4集来做,而不是只计划一集,拍一集。

列出所有你想读的好书。你可以在旅行的时候带上它,写在一个口袋笔记本里,在你的个人主页上,个人wiki百科上,任何地方都可以。一有了好书信息,就把它记在上面,不管是从网上得知,还是从别人那里了解到。保持列表的及时更新,并把读过的划掉。高科技手段:创建一个gmail帐户用作读书列表,每次听到好书信息,就发给它个邮件。现在你的收件箱就是你的读书列表啦!读完一本就把它移到“完成”文件夹。如果愿意,你甚至可以用读书笔记来回复该邮件(到相同的地址,即自己给自己回信),这样就使本书的相关内容只出现在同一邮件主题中,因此,现在你的Gmail帐户也是你的读书日志了。

提出自己的观点: 一开始时候,设定计划时候,应更长远。

account /ə‘kaʊnt/ n。 账户;解释;账目

阐述哈利波特,星球大战成功的原因,并提出方面假设,如果他们一开始不从更大的时间尺度,去考虑,会是一个很普通的结果。

address /ə‘dres/ n。 地址;演讲

Very Few People Live like This

inbox /‘ɪnbɒks/ n。 收件箱

You are the writer of your ownnarrative/'nærətɪv/. Yet, how often do you plan each year based on what you intend to do during the next year, or the one after that?

file /faɪl/ v。 提出;把…归档

narrative/'nærətɪv/.

conversation /kɒnvə‘seɪʃ(ə)n/ n。 交谈;社交;交际

n. 叙述;故事;讲述

thread /θred/ n。 线;思路;路线;主题

What if, like Rowling, you were livingthis yearbased on what you intend to do in 1, 3, and 5 years from now?

log /lɒg/ n。 记录;日志

It’s all in the set up.

3

Goals are means, not ends.

Find a quiet place

Everything you do is positioning. Are you positioning yourself to do AMAZING things in 1, 3, or 5 years from now?

找一个安静的地方

I can already hear your mental wheels spinning.

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But you can’t plan for the future! The real world isn’tHogwarts!

Find a place in your home where you can sit in a comfortable chair (don’t lay down unless you’re going to sleep) and curl up with a good book without interruptions。 There should be no television or computer near the chair to minimize distractions, and no music or noisy family members/roommates。 If you don’t have a place like this, create one。

Hogwarts

在你家找一个可以让你坐在一把舒服的椅子里的地方(不要躺下来除非你打算睡觉)拿本好书倚在椅子上,不受任何干扰。为避免分心,应该远离电视,电脑,音乐,喧闹的家人或室友。如果你没有这样的地方,创造一个。

n. 霍格华兹(小说哈利波特里的一家魔法学校名)

comfortable /ˈkʌmftəbl/ adj。 舒适的,舒服的

Obviously, the world is changing fast. You can’t plan for everything.Hence, Tony Robbins has said,“Stay committed to your decisions, but stay flexible in your approach.”

interruption /ɪntə‘rʌpʃn/ n。 中断;干扰

And that’sthedifference. Most people don’t makecommitteddecisions, which is whyonly 8% of people go on to accomplish their New YearsResolutions.

television /ˈtelɪvɪʒn/ n。 电视,电视机

In aninterview between John Assaraf and Lewis Howes,Assaraf shared what his firstmentortaught him about goal setting.

minimize /ˈmɪnɪˌmaɪz/ v。 使减到最少;最小化

After setting his goals in several areas of his life (e.g., health,spiritualityˌspɪrɪtʃu'æləti/,finances, relationships, service, etc.), and for 1, 3, 5, and 25 years out, Assaraf’s mentor asked him,“Are you interested in achieving these goals, or are you committed?”to which Assaraf responded, “What’s the difference?”

distraction /dɪ‘strækʃ(ə)n/ n。 注意力分散;消遣

spiritualityˌspɪrɪtʃu’æləti/

create /kri: ‘eɪt/ v。 创造,创作

n. 灵性;精神性

4

His mentor responded:

Reduce television/Internet

“If you’re interested, you come up with stories, excuses, reasons, and circumstances about why you can’t or why you won’t. If you’re committed, those go out the window. You just do whatever it takes.”

少看电视和电脑

Clearly, Assaraf’s life probably isn’texactlyhow he planned it to be when he set those goals in 1982 at the age of 19. However, I’m confident those goalspropelled/prə'pɛl/him to where he is today.

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propelled/prə'pɛl/

If you really want to read more, try cutting back on TV or Internet consumption。 This may be difficult for many people。 Still, every minute you reduce of Internet/TV, you could use for reading。 This could create hours of book reading time。

vt. 推进;驱使;激励;驱策

如果你真的想阅读更多,试着减少浪费在电视和电脑上的时间。这对很多人来说可能很困难。当然,你减少的浪费在电视和电脑上的每一分钟,都可以用来阅读。这可以创造更多的阅读时间。

He was playingand planninga much bigger game than most people and writing a much different story.

consumption /kən‘sʌm(p)ʃ(ə)n/ n。 消费;消耗

把角度拉回到我们自己的生活,如果我们是自己生活的作者,我们改如何书写自己的人生了?

reduce /rɪ‘dju” s/ v。 减少;降低

仅有8%的人能完成新年设下的目标,为什么了? 因为我们很多人在设定目标时候,是基于兴趣的,而不是对自己的承若。基于兴趣的很容易因为外在的环境而放弃,找各种理由推脱,而承若,意味是不管外面世界如何变化,你都要兑现。

5

The Science Doesn’t Lie

Blog it

If psychological science has found anything in the past 30 years, it’s that people with highself-efficacy/'ɛfɪkəsi/and an internallocusof controlradically/'rædɪkli/outperform/ˌaʊtpɚ'fɔrm/others.

做记录

Self-efficacy = your belief in your own ability to achieve your goals. Think “confidence.”

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Internal locus of control = a belief that you,not external circumstances, determine theoutcomesof your life.

One of the best ways to form a habit is to put it on your blog。 If you don’t have one, create one。 It’s free。 Have your family go there and give you book suggestions and comment on the ones you’re reading。 It keeps you accountable for your goals。

External locus of control = a belief that factorsoutside of youdetermine the outcomes of your life.

和读书列表类似,此记录不应该只写下你所读的书的书名和作者,如果可能的话还应该写下读书的起止日期。更好的作法是在其后写下你对此书的感想。几个月之后,再返回来看记录,回顾自己的阅读经历,是一种极大的满足。

Themajority of the populationhavelow self-efficacyand anexternal locus of control.According to several research studies, people with these twotraits:

habit /‘hæbɪt/ n。 习惯,习性

Don’t set challenging goals

suggestion /sə‘dʒestʃ(ə)n/ n。 建议;示意

Don’t take on leadership roles

comment /‘kɒment/ n。 评论;意见 v。 发表评论/意见

Experience learned helplessness

accountable /ə‘kaʊntəb(ə)l/ adj。 有责任的;有解释义务的

Have a higher chance of depression and anxiety

6

Lack motivation

Set a high goal

Have apessimisticview of the future

设定一个高目标

Have low job satisfaction and low job performance

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Have low life satisfaction

Tell yourself that you want to read 50 books this year (or some other number like that)。 Then set about trying to accomplish it。 Just be sure you’re still enjoying the reading though — don’t make it a rushed chore

Have low engagement in both work and life

告诉你自己你几年想读50本书(或者一些其他的数字)。然后试着完成它。只要确保你一直在享受阅读,不要让它成为一件苦差事。

Have greater health problems

accomplish /ə‘kʌmplɪʃ/ v。 完成;实现;达到

Experience more stress

enjoy /ɪnˈdʒɔɪ/ v。 欣赏,享受;喜爱

The list goes on. You get the point.

rushed /rʌʃt/ adj。 匆忙的;贸然的

Reverse everything onthat list for people with high self-efficacy and an internal locus of control.

chore /tʃɔ: / n。 讨厌的或累人的工作

30年来心理学最大的发现是,那些自己相信自己有能力完成自己目标的,相信自己才是自己未来主宰的人获得更自信,更成功。但是大部分的人是相信自己的不成功来自未在的因素。

7

The Greatest LiePostulated'pɑstʃəlet/Today

Have a reading hour or reading day

Postulated'pɑstʃəlet/

设定一小时或一天的读书时间

vt. 假定;要求;视…为理所当然

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n. 基本条件;假定

If you turn off the TV or Internet in the evening, you could have a set hour (perhaps just after dinner) when you and maybe all the members of your family read each night。 Or you could do a reading day, when you (and again, your other family members if you can get them to join you) read for practically the whole day。 It’s super fun。

Is the world changing fast? Yes.

如果你在晚上关了电视和电脑,你和所有的家庭成员就能抽出一小时(可能是晚餐过后)的阅读时间。或者你也可以抽出一整天的时间来阅读,如果能召集所有家庭成员一起读的话不妨一起读。这是很有趣的。

Are factors outside of your control unpredictable? Yes.

perhaps /pəˈhæps/ adv。 或许;(表示不确定)也许

Do you have little control over the outcomes of your own life? No! I don’t care who the President of the United States is. You canprosper/'pɑstʃəlet/orperish/'pɛrɪʃ/in either case, and it’s the not the President who decides that.

practically /‘præktɪk(ə)lɪ/ adv。 实际地;几乎

prosper/‘pɑstʃəlet/

whole /həʊl/ adj。 完整的;纯粹的

vi. 繁荣,昌盛;成功

小伙伴们~坚持读书、享受读书的快乐吧!

vt. 使……成功;使……昌盛;使……繁荣

n. (Prosper)人名;(英、德、罗、法)普罗斯珀

perish/‘pɛrɪʃ/

vt. 使麻木;毁坏

vi. 死亡;毁灭;腐烂;枯萎

Butherein/ˌhɪr'ɪn/lies the greatest lie being pushed today: That you are not in control of what happensin your own life!

herein/ˌhɪr’ɪn/

adv. 此中,于此;焉;在这方面

n. (捷)赫赖因(人名

Billionaire Peter Thiel has said:

“Indefinite/ɪn'dɛfɪnət/attitudes to the future explain what’s mostdysfunctional功能失调性in our world today. Process trumpssubstance/'sʌbstəns/: when people lack concrete plans to carry out, they use formal rules to assemble aportfolio/pɔrt'folɪo/of various options. This describes Americans today. In middle school, we’re encouraged to starthoarding/'hɔrdɪŋ/“extracurricularˌɛkstrəkə'rɪkjəlɚ/activities.” In high school, ambitious studentscompeteeven harder to appearomnicompetent/ɒmnɪ'kɒmpɪt(ə)nt/. By the time a student gets to college, he’s spent a decadecurating/'kjʊrət/abewilderingly/bi'wildəriŋli/diverse/daɪ'vɝs/résumé to prepare for a completely unknowable future. Come what may, he’s ready — for nothing in particular.”

Indefinite/ɪn’dɛfɪnət/

adj. 不确定的;无限的;模糊的

substance/‘sʌbstəns/

n. 物质;实质;资产;主旨

portfolio/pɔrt'folɪo/

n. 公文包;文件夹;证券投资组合;部长职务

hoarding/‘hɔrdɪŋ/

n. [贸易] 囤积;贮藏;临时围墙

v. 贮藏(hoard的ing形式)

extracurricularˌɛkstrəkə'rɪkjəlɚ/

adj. 课外的;业余的;婚外的

omnicompetent/ɒmnɪ'kɒmpɪt(ə)nt/

adj. 有全权的

curating/'kjʊrət/

n. 助理牧师;副牧师

vt. 当(博物馆、美术馆、图书馆)馆长

bewilderingly/bi'wildəriŋli/

adv. 令人困惑地;使人迷乱地

diverse/daɪ’vɝs/

adj. 不同的;多种多样的;变化多的

What would happen if you hired a construction manager to build your house and they said,“Don’t bother giving us a blueprint of the design you want. After all, you can’t really plan for anything. So I’m not exactly sure how your house will turn out.”

When you build a house, you have a plan. You follow the plan and you follow principles, such as mathematical laws. Thus, you’re not surprised by the outcome. In other words, you don’t expectcrooked/'krʊkɪd/walls that don’t line up. You don’t expect to have the bathroom where you intended the kitchen.

crooked/'krʊkɪd/

adj. 弯曲的;歪的;不正当的

Dr. Stephen R. Covey has taught,“Mental/'mɛntl/creation alwaysprecedes/pri:'si:d/physical creation.”

Mental/'mɛntl/

adj. 精神的;脑力的;疯的

n. 精神病患者

precedes/pri:'si:d/

v. 领先(precede的三单形式);在…之先;优于

Very Few PeopleDesirethe Responsibility

It’s easy to believe the idea thatyou are not responsible for what happens to you.

It’s much harder toown up to the factthat you are making choices every instant that determine your future.

own up

v. 坦白;爽快承认

Eventhis very moment, you’re reading this article.

Who is responsible for that?

Did you not click on the link that led you to this article?

Did you have no control over the matter?

The moment you realize you have complete responsibility for every aspect of your life is the exact moment you are completely FREE! (see the movie:The Adjustment Bureau)

If someone or something outside of you is responsible for your health, you won’t do everything in your power to be healthy.

If someone of something outside of you is responsible for you and yours, you won’t do everything in your power to provide for your family.

If someone or something outside of you is responsible for your future, then like most people, you will be the product of external circumstances.

Jim Rohn has said,“Let othersleadsmall lives, but not you. Let others argue over small things, but not you. Let others cry over small hurts, but not you. Let others leave their future in someone else’s hands, but not you.”

The 3 R’s of Choice

“When I look into the future, it’s so bright it burns my eyes.” —Oprah Winfrey

There arethree componentsto havingthe powerto make choices:

Therightto choice

Theresponsibilityto choose

Theresultsof choice

If you don’t believe you have the ability to make choices, you have beendeceived/dɪ'siv/. You make choices every single day. You’re making a choice right now.

deceived/dɪ’siv/

adj. 被欺骗的

v. 欺骗;背叛(deceive的过去式)

When you take responsibility for your choices, you realize there is noneutral/'nʊtrəl/ground.Every decision you make has inherent meaning andconsequence/'kɑnsəkwɛns/.Every decision you make also reflects what youtruly believe, far louder than any words you speak.Thus, what you do with your time actually does matter. Who you spend your time with does matter. Everything you do matters when you take responsibility.

neutral/'nʊtrəl/ground

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